India accounts for the termination of some ten million female foetuses over the past 20 years.
Sex Ratio in India: 1901 to 2001
Year Sex ratio (females per 1,000 males)
1901 972
1911 964
1921 955
1931 950
1941 945
1951 946
1961 941
1971 930
1981 934
1991 927
2001 933
 
Sex Ratio in India: Key Figures
Sex Ratio (Excluding J & K)
  Number of Females / Thousand Males
  India 927
  Rural 939
  Urban 894
State with Highest Female Sex Ratio Kerala 1036
State with Lowest Female Sex Ratio Arunachal Pradesh 859
UT with Highest Female Sex Ratio Pondicherry 979
UT with Lowest Female Sex Ratio Chandigarh 790
District with Highest Female Sex Ratio Ratnagiri (Maharashtra) 1205
District with Lowest Female Sex Ratio Dibang Valley (Arunachal Pradesh) 788
Data Source : 1991 Census of India
Sex Ratio in India: State-Wise Index
State Years
  1961 1971 1981 1991 2001
Andhra Pradesh 981 977 975 972 978
Arunachal Pradesh 894 861 862 859 901
Assam 869 896 910 923 932
Bihar 1,005 957 948 907 921
Chhattisgarh 1,008 998 996 985 990
Goa 1,066 981 975 967 960
Gujarat 940 934 942 934 921
Haryana 868 867 870 865 861
Himachal Pradesh 938 958 973 976 970
Jammu & Kashmir 878 878 892 896 900
Jharkhand 960 945 940 922 941
Karnataka 959 957 963 960 964
Kerala 1,022 1,016 1,032 1,036 1,058
Madhya Pradesh 932 920 921 912 920
Maharashtra 936 930 937 934 922
Manipur 1,015 980 971 958 978
Meghalaya 937 942 954 955 975
Mizoram 1,009 946 919 921 938
Nagaland 933 871 863 886 909
Orissa 1,001 988 981 971 972
Punjab 854 865 879 882 874
Rajasthan 908 911 919 910 922
Sikkim 904 863 835 878 875
Tamil Nadu 992 978 977 974 986
Tripura 932 943 946 945 950
Uttar Pradesh 907 876 882 876 898
Uttaranchal 947 940 936 936 964
W. Bengal 878 891 911 917 934
A & N Islands 617 644 760 818 846
Chandigarh 652 749 769 790 773
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 963 1,007 974 952 811
Daman&Diu 1,169 1,099 1,062 969 709
Delhi 785 801 808 827 821
Lakshadweep 1,020 978 975 943 947
Pondicherry 1,013 989 985 979 1,001
INDIA 941 930 934 927 933
  1. For working out the sex ratio of India and Assam for 1981, interpolated figures for Assam have been used.
  2. For working out the sex ratio of India and Jammu and Kashmir for 1991, interpolated figures for Jammu and Kashmir have been used
  3. For working out the sex ratio of India, Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh for 2001, estimated
    figures for affected areas of Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh have been used.
  4. The sex ratio for Arunachal Pradesh is not available for the years 1901-1951 and for Pondicherry
    it is not available for the years 1901, 1931 and 1941.
Facts at a Glance
  •   India has the largest population of children (below 18 years), with 400 million.
  • India witnesses more than 27,00,000 child deaths a year, with the figures for female children being much higher than male children
  • 53% of girls in the age group 5 to 9 years are illiterate
  • 75% of married Indian women were underage when they got married
  • One in every twp girls in India is malnourished
  • Out of the 12 million girls born in India, 1 million die before the first year of life
  • One out of sixth girl child dies due to gender discrimination
  • One out of every 10 women report instances of child sexual abuse (CSA)
  • Female mortality is higher in 224 out of 402 districts in India